Journal of Health Research and Reviews (in Developing Countries)

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2015  |  Volume : 2  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 86--89

Prescribing pattern of antibiotics in community-acquired pneumonia in a teaching hospital of Southeast Asia


Sanjay Kumar1, Divya Agrawal2, Soumya Santra1, Suhasini Dehury3, Priti Das3, Trupti Rekha Swain3 
1 Department of Pharmacology, Institute of Medical Sciences and SUM Hospital, Siksha 'O' Anusandhan University, Bhubaneshwar, India
2 Department of Anatomy, Institute of Medical Sciences and SUM Hospital, Siksha 'O' Anusandhan University, Bhubaneshwar, India
3 Department of Pharmacology, Shri Ramachandra Bhanj Medical College, Utkal University, Cuttack, Odisha, India

Correspondence Address:
Sanjay Kumar
Department of Pharmacology, Institute of Medical Sciences and SUM Hospital, Siksha 'O' Anusandhan University, Bhubaneshwar - 751 003, Odisha
India

Objective: To study and describe the antibiotic prescribing habits of physicians for 117 patients with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP). Materials and Methods: A medicine consultant or a pulmonologist supervised and treated 45 (38%) patients. Out of 45 patients, 7 (16%) were given macrolide, 12 (26%) received beta-lactam antibiotics, 14 (31%) were given a combination of beta-lactam and macrolide, and 12 (26%) were given a combination of more than one antibiotics. Seventy-two (62%) patients were seen by other specialists, of whom 5 (6%) were given macrolide, 35 (48%) were given beta-lactam, 4 (6%) were administered a combination of beta-lactam and macrolide, 2 (3%) received quinolones, and 26 (36%) patients received various combinations. In 47 out of 117 patients, therapy was modified, which included 12 patients who underwent step-down switch. The duration of hospitalization was 26 days for those patients whose therapy was modified. Patients who underwent step-down switch had a hospital stay of 7 days, whereas those who did not have any modification in the treatment stayed for 10 days in the hospital. Results: Beta-lactam antibiotic was more commonly used, at least 3.8 times more than a macrolide. Other combinations of antibiotics were given in 28%, 68%, and 44% of patients treated by a medicine specialist, pulmonologist, and other specialties, respectively. Conclusion: These data demonstrate that in spite of the advances of knowledge in the management of CAP, there exists variability in the prescribing habits of the attending physician.


How to cite this article:
Kumar S, Agrawal D, Santra S, Dehury S, Das P, Swain TR. Prescribing pattern of antibiotics in community-acquired pneumonia in a teaching hospital of Southeast Asia.J Health Res Rev 2015;2:86-89


How to cite this URL:
Kumar S, Agrawal D, Santra S, Dehury S, Das P, Swain TR. Prescribing pattern of antibiotics in community-acquired pneumonia in a teaching hospital of Southeast Asia. J Health Res Rev [serial online] 2015 [cited 2021 Apr 19 ];2:86-89
Available from: https://www.jhrr.org/article.asp?issn=2394-2010;year=2015;volume=2;issue=3;spage=86;epage=89;aulast=Kumar;type=0