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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 7  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 10-17

Knowledge and awareness about glaucoma and its determinants: A lesson learned from a community-based survey of a developing nation

1 Deapartment of Community Medicine, Jaipur National Institute for Medical Science & Research Centre, (JNU IMRSC), Jaipur, Rajasthan, India
2 Department of Community Medicine, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Raebareli, Uttar Pradesh, India
3 Department of Community Medicine, Adesh Institute of Medical Sciences and Research, Bathinda, Punjab, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Sourabh Paul
Department of Community Medicine, All India Institute of Medical Science, Dalmau Road, Munshiganj, Raebareli, Uttar Pradesh.
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jhrr.JHRR_3_20

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Aim: The aim of this study was to determine the level of awareness and knowledge about glaucoma and possible determining factors behind it. Materials and Methods: This was a community-based cross-sectional study in a rural community of Punjab province of India, conducted from August 2018 to January 2019. The knowledge about glaucoma was assessed by modified version of Glaucoma Knowledge level Questionnaire, developed by Husder, Department of Public Health, Turkey. Association between variables was assessed by chi-square test, and P value 0.05 or less was considered as statistically significant. Results: Among 1925 participants, only 413 (21.5%) were aware about glaucoma but 375 (90.8%) had poor knowledge about the disease. Higher educational status (P = 0.0001), employed participants (P = 0.0001), presence of eye problem (P = 0.0001), and once a year regular eye checkup (P = 0.001) had significant positive association with the awareness of glaucoma, whereas those with a family history of glaucoma (P = 0.0002) and those who were ever screened for glaucoma (P = 0.0001) had significantly better knowledge about glaucoma. Conclusion: We recommend that Information education & communication activities of National Programme for Control of Blindness and Visual Impairment (NPCBVI) should be strengthened to specifically target rural adult population of India.

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