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Year : 2015  |  Volume : 2  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 73-77

Laparoscopic adrenalectomy in a pediatric patient

Department of Anaesthesia, Government Medical College and Hospital, Nagpur, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Sheetal Dalal
13, Pub Cooperative Housing Society, Pratap Nagar, Nagpur, Maharashtra
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2394-2010.160926

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A pheochromocytoma is a highly vascular neuroendocrine tumor of the medulla of the adrenal glands, originating from the chromaffin cells or extra-adrenal chromaffin tissue and secreting an excessive amount of catecholamines. Medical management of this tumor includes correction of hypertension and arrhythmias, and assessment of end organ damage. This can be achieved by alpha-receptor blockade and beta-receptor blockade, calcium channel blockers (CCBs),   alpha-methyl-tyrosine, etc. Surgical excision of the tumor, either open laparotomy or laparoscopy, is the definitive management. A laparoscopic approach offers several advantages compared with an open laparotomy such as decreasing fluid shifts that may accompany an open procedure, potentially decreasing the surgical stress imposed on the patient, decreasing the need for postoperative analgesia, shortening postoperative convalescence including an intensive care unit stay, and decreasing the overall hospital stay. A 11-year-old male patient with left adrenal mass  measuring 2.9 cm × 3.9 cm × 4.7 cm on alpha-blocker and beta-blocker for laparoscopic adrenalectomy was successfully managed perioperatively.

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