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Year : 2015  |  Volume : 2  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 54-60

Level of understanding about diabetes mellitus among health seekers for diabetic related eye care

Department of Ophthalmology, Government Medical College, Kozhikode, Kerala, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Padma B Prabhu
Department of Ophthalmology, Government Medical College, Kozhikode - 673 008, Kerala
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2394-2010.160910

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Purpose: Awareness of varied aspects of diabetes mellitus (DM) is essential for the prevention, management and control of the disease. Aim: The aim was to assess the level of understanding of DM among patients and their bystanders attending the ophthalmology out-patient department of a Tertiary Care Hospital in North Kerala. Design: Cross-sectional study based on a questionnaire survey. Materials and Methods: The cases were selected by convenient sampling. The questionnaire covered demographic characteristics, general knowledge on DM, its causes, management, and prevention. Results: The study included 40 cases of DM and 50 bystanders. The median age was 49.78 years (range: 19-78). About 32% of the bystanders were diabetic. 29 subjects led a sedentary life. More than one family member was affected among 52.22%. Despite general awareness, only 38.70% knew about the hidden complications of the disease. The source of information was the treating physician in 47.11%. Knowledge about visible complications was better. Awareness about management options and preventive strategies was poor. Duration of the disease, family history and being an accompanying person had correlation with the awareness among the group. Conclusion: The majority of patients and bystanders had poor knowledge on the related health aspects of DM.

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