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Year : 2015  |  Volume : 2  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 29-33

Self-perceived oral function and factors influencing oral health of elderly residents in Bengaluru city, India

Department of Public Health Dentistry, V S Dental College and Hospital, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
B Kumara Raja
Department of Public Health Dentistry, V S Dental College and Hospital, Bengaluru - 560 004
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2394-2010.158126

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Context: Oral health status plays an import role in patient quality of life, affecting mental, physical, and psychological wellbeing and complete social development by interfering with word pronunciation, social life, and alimentary function. Aims: To evaluate self-perception of elderly about the effect of oral health on quality of life using the geriatric oral health assessment index (GOHAI) index. Settings and Design: A cross-sectional study was carried out among 376, elderly individuals aged 60 years and above, residing in residential homes of Bengaluru city. Materials and Methods: The data were collected using GOHAI scale comprising of 12 items to measure the patient-perceived oral functional problems. In addition, a self-reported questionnaire was used to elicit demographic information. Statistical Analysis Used: A descriptive statistics along with Chi-square test was used. Results: Out of 407 individuals, only 376 fulfilled the inclusion criteria and constituted the final number of the participants. GOHAI was statistically significant with age (0.036*), gender (0.045*), dentition status (0.019*), and smoking status (0.042*), which showed a predictor for low oral health functional status. A majority of the subjects (66.1%) were "always" unhappy with their appearance of their teeth gums or dentures and 74.5% of the subjects were "always" concerned about their problems with their teeth, gums, or denture. Conclusions: The GOHAI final score was considered low, indicating a low self-perception by the elders of Indian residential homes.

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