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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2014  |  Volume : 1  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 59-65

The metabolic syndrome: Time for addressal


Centre for Medical Biotechnology, Maharshi Dayanand University, Rohtak, Haryana, India

Correspondence Address:
Amita Suneja Dang
Centre for Medical Biotechnology, Maharshi Dayanand University, Rohtak - 124 001, Haryana
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/2394-2010.153879

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The metabolic syndrome (Met S) is an escalating clinical and public-health challenge worldwide with increasing prevalence figures ranging from 10% to as high as 84%. Urbanization, calorie dense diet, sedentary life habits and increasing obesity are significantly associated with its increased prevalence. It is defined by a constellation of an interconnected physiological, clinical, metabolic and biochemical factors that directly increase the risk of diseases like cardiovascular disease (CVD), Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), stoke, dyslipidemia and endothelial dysfunction. The knowledge about Met S and its consequences in society is in infancy stage. Existing criteria's for defining it are ambiguous and rationale for thresholds are ill defined. This makes Met S difficult to understand, diagnose and conclude. Therefore, current national and worldwide epidemiology of Met S also remains controversial. The proliferation of various definitions demands a single unifying definition. It is important to identify and evaluate the population with Met S as early interventions can simply avoid the complications associated. Increasing the awareness of Met S itself may account for huge decline as early interventions help to abort the associated complications. Simple lifestyle changes and routine health checkups can help keep metabolic syndrome at bay. The prevalence of Met S is high as well as unrecognized among the general population. If the situation persists Met S may prove a massive killer in the years to come. This calls for prompt and incessant updating of medical community as well as public sector.


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