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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2014  |  Volume : 1  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 34-39

Smoking and chronic pain


Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Kurunji Venkataramana Gowda Dental College and Hospital, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Joel D' Silva
Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, KVG Dental College and Hospital, Sullia, Dakshina Kannada, Karnataka
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/2394-2010.150794

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Smoking has become a trend among individuals nowadays and, thus a major health problem. Since a long time, smoking has been associated with problems like vascular stenosis, lung cancer, heart attack, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Experiments have shown that nicotine released by cigarette smoking has analgesic property. However, along with this, studies have also shown it to be a factor that causes musculoskeletal problems. Therefore, it becomes a matter of scientific concern. This review article will discuss about how smoking induces both acute and chronic pain. Also, it will enlighten us about the pharmacology and pathophysiology behind smoking-induced pain. Quitting smoking reverses or prevents most of its harmful effects. Therefore, smoking cessation plays an important role. We will also discuss about the various steps taken to help smokers quit the habit.


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